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CAVES IN VIENTIANE
Tham Pou Kham (Golden Crab Cave)
Tham Pou Kham (Golden Crab Cave) drive 100 meters into the ground after passing through the small entrance hole. However, the cave widens once inside, when where a reclining Buddha statue  welcomes visitors to a place once serving as home to bats, gibbons, monkeys, and antelopes. Tham Pou Kham displays several wet rock formations including a pair of “Golden Crabs”. Don’t forget your torch. After discover cavern, go for a cold swim in the Ka River’s water hold. The water is clean, deep, and safe for jumping in from the trees, and a small shop and restaurant run by local serve meals and snacks.
Location: Cross the Nam Xong in southern end of town at the Paradise Island Bridge to Ban Houay Nyae. Follow the dirt road past the village and turn right (north) at the sharp left-hand turn at Nathong Tai Village. The trail to the cave starts about 1km past the junction in Ban Nathong Nrua.
Bee Cliff Cave Complex
Located on the northern face of Pha Khongkao Mountain southwest of town, the Bee chiff Cave Complex consists of several caverns clustered together. The most popular is Tham Pha Pheung (Bee Cliff  Cave), which is often called Tham Phou Thong. Others include Tiger Cave, Diamond Cave, and the Gold Mine Cave, The 70-meter-long Bee Cliff/ Phou Thong Cave deceives its visitors with a small entrance leading to a 5-sqm room with a 4-meter-high ceiling and elephant head with a golden tint reflected from the dangling beehives. The view looking back outside the cave reveals a scene of rice fields, green trees, and the Ka River snacking past the entrance. Inside, a water basin offers a fresh and clean bathing pool.
Location: Cross the Nam Xong in the southern end of town at the Paradise Island Bridge to Ban Houay Nyae. Follow the dirt road for around a kilometer until you see the sign for the Bee Cliff Cave, and the trail leading south to the cliff.
Tham Khan
Adventure and history  await at Tham Khan  (Silver Bow Cave) just 3 km west of town. A hedgehog hunter discovered the cave with its 1.9-meter-high sitting Buddha at the entrance Archaeologists examined the cavern and turned up prehistoric knives, small spades, and axes as well as khan or silver bow for which the cave was named. The three-meter-wide, 200-meter-long cave sits at the foot of Oua Mountian and offers a good access throughout. The daring can try to find the secret passage out…it’s adventureous but quite safe.
Location: Cross the Nam Xong to the southern end of town at the Paradise Island Bridge to the Long Kouang Route past Ban Houay Nyae. At electric pole 18, look for a sign Tham Khan, turn north, and follow the rugged road along Laeng Stream to the cave’s entrance.
Tham Chang
Considered by many as Vang Vieng’s most important cave, Tham Chang (or Jung)  became the home for migrating people, who settled near the town’s southern Meuang Xong Village to rise vegetables. The locals stumbled into the cavern during the civil war, while seeking refuge deep in the forest. Because its high location offered perfect view of Vang Vieng, the entire village moved there to sit out the war, and named their haven, Tham Jung (Hang Around Cave). Years later during the colonial era, the local returned to cultivating the nearby fields and would bathe in the cave’s basin, where the water was so cold they said it could freeze your legs to a firm stiffness. Then they adjusted the cave’s name to Tham Jung, which mean “unable to move”, leaving locals no choice but to “hang around”.
Location: Follow the river road south of Meuang Xong village, pay the entrance fee at the gate of Vang Vieng Resort and cross the bridge over the Nam Xong to the steps leading up the cliff to Tham Chang.
  Ban Tham Xang Group
Journey north of Vang Vieng to explore the Ban Tham Xang Group, a cluster of four caves just across the Nam ong, with Tham Xang (Elephent Cave) at its gateway. A trail to the north winds to Tham Hoy (Shell Cave), named for Hoysang (Conch Shell), who protected his anut from giants in this tunnel with no known end. Moving south along the canal, Tham Loup (Hole Cave) appears as a huge cleft created by Laos’ massive mythological elephant, Siho, to hide from his enemies. Further along, the 500-meter-long Tham Nam (water Cave) was once the source of an intricate wooden irrigation system.
Location: Travel north of Vang Vieng on Route 13 for about 14 km, and turn left (west) between Km 169 and Km 170. Follow the road and cross the river to reach the entrance.
  Ban Pha Thao Group
Legend and history meet at this pair of caves just north of town. Tham Pha Thao (Thao Cliff Cave) once served as the home for locals, and remnants of their underground residences still exist amidst the silver and golden-color rock walls and formation. Legend has it that those who visit Tham Pha Thao will have good luck, which turns first-time visitors into annual returnees. Legend also shrouds nearby Tham Keo (Glass Cave) named after a beautiful young  woman named Miss Keo, who looked like “sparkling glass” and once live in the cave.
Location: Travel north of Vang Vieng on Route 13 for about 11km, and turn west between Km 166 and Km 167. Signs to Tham Pha Thao Leo indicate the turnoff to a rough dirt road leading to the bridge crossing the Nam Xong and the entrance to Pha Thao village and its cave groub.
  Khoun Lang Cave
This cave, decorated with stalactites, stalagmites and flowstone consists of narrow  entrance, widening to single large passageway of about 250m long, extending to four levels. Moisture percolating from the celling maintains an awesome array of shapes and patterns. Villagers have interpreted some of the feature as evidence that this cave is the ancient abode of Khoun Lang; Nang Oua’s suitor in the legend of Nang Oua-Thao Khou Lou; a romantic tragedy famous throughout both Laos and Thailand.
Location: in Kasi District of Vientiane Province, along a new road connecting Kasi with Nan district in Luang Prabang province. This new road provides an alternative way of getting to the World Heritage Town of Luang Prabang for travelers coming from Vientiane or Vang Vieng, by passing the Phoukhoun mountain pass and significantly shortening the journey. It also is an excellent option for travel to Sayabouly from Vientiane
At the southern end of Kasi town (240km from Vientiane; 60km from Vang Vieng) turn vest and travel 17km to Ban Houay San. At Ban Houay San, call in at the visitors Information Center. A further 2km will take you to the carpark at Khoun Lang Cave Nature Park.
   
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