Bolikhamxay Province


Located: in the centre of Laos

Total area: 14,863 square kilometers

Population: 293,691 (2023) 

6 Districts: Paksan, Thaphabath, Pakkading, Bolikhan, Viengthong, Khamkeuth and Xay Champhone

Capital of the province: Paksan

  • Ecotourism activities

  • Karst mountain landscapes

  • Extensive forests and jungle

  • Abundant wildlife

Bolikhamxay Province, located just south of Vientiane in central Laos, is a centre for ecotourism activities with its two national protected areas and extensive system of wetlands. The journey from Ban Khoun Kham to Lak Sao on Route 8 offers spectacular scenery of karst mountain landscapes and is considered to be one of the most impressive passages in the country.

Vat Phabath, located on the road between Vientiane and Paksan is an important pilgrimage site and sacred temple that houses a shrine containing a giant footprint of the Lord Buddha (phabath). It is believed that all travelers passing by the temple should stop and pay their respects to the spirits for a safe journey and strong health. 

Phou Khao Khouay National Protected Area (NPA), which covers an area of 2,000 square kilometers in Bolikhamxay and Vientiane Province, has excellent evergreen, mixed deciduous and coniferous forests in addition to extensive fire-clima grasslands which support key species that include wild elephants, white-cheeked gibbons and green peafowl. A community managed elephant watching tower in Ban Na provides one of the best opportunities to view large wildlife in Laos. One can take nature walks with village guides through the park’s old growth forests and well-known waterfalls: Tad Leu, Tad Xay and Tad Xang. Self-guided walks are also available from the visitor center at Tad Leuk which has camping facilities and tents for rent.

Nam Kading NPA is abundant with wildlife due to a low population density and biologically diverse forest ecology. Elephant, gaur, giant muntjac, gibbon, the sooty babbler, rufous-throated fulvetta, river lapwing, wreathed and great hornbills and large otters are just some of the many species that inhabit the area. One of the country’s most extensive wetland systems is located southwest of Pakxan town and is known to have a very unique and abundant population of migratory birds. The wetlands can be reached by motorbike or truck via a number of dirt trails leaving town. Also of interest is the natural cool springs along the Nam Mang River, a pleasant site for swimming and enjoying a picnic.


This important pilgrimage site with its huge “footprint” of Buddha is a significant place for all Buddhists in the country. The people in the area believe that when someone is passing this place, one must stop for a while to pay respect to the spirits for a good journey. How to get there:  83 km. from Vientiane Capital along South 13 Road.

Cascading over seven steps, Tad Xai is arguably the most beautiful waterfall in the Phou Khao Khouay NPA. It is particularly attractive during the rainy season, and can be easily reached by a nice boat and trekking tour from Ban Hadkhai village, near Tad Leuk in Thaphabath District.

From Wat Phabath 16 kilometers and 20 kilometers in from the South 13 Road in Thaphabath District. Located in Phou Khao Khouay NPA, This beautiful waterfall is the most accessible attraction in the park and ideal for relaxing, swimming, camping and trekking, Tad Luek had a Visitor Center and a “Nature Trail”.

The major shopping area is located on South 13 road Phonxay Village, next to the Bus Station in Pakxan town. It sells souvenirs, jewelry, silk, cotton, handicrafts, tailor – made clothing, foods, fruits and vegetable. Open: Everyday 4:00am – 6:00pm