Sekong Province


Located: in southern Laos 

Total area: 7,665 square kilometers

Population: 133,048 (2024)

4 Districts: Lanam, Kaleum, Dakcheung and Thateng

Capital of the province: Lamam

  • Bolaven Plateau

  • Rugged, wild & scenic

  • Traditional farming

  • Scenic river journeys

Sekong is situated in southern Laos. Bordering provinces include Vietnam to the east, Champasack Province to the west, Salavanh Province to the north and Attapeu Province to the south. Sekong is best known for the Bolaven Plateau which is situated in the heart of the southeastern part of Laos. Sekong province is rugged, wild and very scenic, and transportation is very difficult, especially by land in the rainy season. Dotted throughout are villages and small towns such as Lave, Lanam, Kaleum, Dakchung and Thateng, where the majority of people follow the unchanging lifestyle of traditional farming. Overall, the Sekong River valley is characterized by a landscape of a fertile plain patterned with a patchwork of rice paddies and fruit orchards. It’s complex geographical conditions form colorful Eco-Tourism resources, due to its abundance of untouched tropical forests, home to many rare species of flora and fauna.

Sekong Province is one of the least explored provinces in Laos due to the rugged landscape and mountainous terrain that rises to the Dacheung Plateau. With 14 distinct ethnic groups belonging to the Mon-Khmer linguistic family this sparsely populated province is probably the most ethnically diverse in southern Laos. The Katu and Talieng are the largest ethnic groups in the province and are noted for their unique religious practices that mix animism and ancestor worship.

The Sekong River, which bisects the province flowing south into Cambodia is ideal for river trips. Local boatmen hire long-tail boats for scenic river journeys that follow the edge of the Bolaven Plateau down to Attapeu Province.  Occasionally, freshwater dolphins migrate up the Sekong right up to Sekong Town.

The province is dotted with many cascading waterfalls. Tad Hia, Tad Faek and Tad Se Noi (or Tad Hua Khon) waterfalls are the most convenient to visit from town and offer opportunities for swimming, trekking and village visits. Another waterfall not to be missed is the Nam Tok Katamtok, which originates from the Huay Katam River deep in the jungles of the Bolaven Plateau.

Xe Xap National Protected Area, which covers an area of 1,335 square kilometers with out straddling Sekong and Salavanh provinces includes part of the southern Annamite Mountains and is mostly steep terrain with high plateaus of about 1,400 metres. On the eastern and southern sides of Xe Xap steep faces rise from 400 – 1.400 meters, topped by Dong Be at 2,066 meters. The protected area’s habitat of hill evergreen, semi-evergreen and pine forests support large mammal species including two types of bear, gaur, dhole, serow, large antlered muntjac and tigers.

Sekong is well known for its unique textile patterns, which consist of multicolored line patterns created from a hip loom. Although many of the groups produce beautiful weavings, the Nge ethnic group is especially renowned for its works, as well as the Alak for their traditional Lao skirts (sin). Handicrafts can be purchased directly from villages, as well as from handicraft shops in Sekong Town (also known as Muang Lamam). In Kandone Village there are excellent examples of woodcarvings and traditional longhouses.

If you are in Sekong during January – February inquire about the fascinating annual festivals held in Katu, Nge and Tariang villages. Another notable local celebration is Boun Suang Heua (traditional boat racing) that takes place in Sekong on 2 December every year to coincide with Lao National Day.


Sekong is best noted for the impressive Bolaven Plateau. The wild, scenic, and charming plateau seems to be the existing retreat to stay closest to nature. You will love to walk on the widespread green highland, explore the original forest, and admire the bewitching waterfalls in many corners of the site. Nature is kept as most beautiful and intact as possible in the green area and stays in harmony with the ethnic villages. So, visiting Bolaven Plateau is not only for sightseeing the romantic nature, but also for experiencing the diverse ethnic culture, costumes, and language. In particular, Katu and Talieng are the two most dominant ethnic groups who practice the unique religious belief of animism and ancestor worship.

Rushing forth off the Bolaven Plateau and cascading 100 meters down into deep pools, Katamtok is one of least known but most spectacular waterfalls in Laos. It is the Huay Katam River that emanates from the thick jungle behind, only to leave its sleepy enclave for this roaring juncture on this journey.

At Km 14.5 on Route 11 to Attapeu you will see a turn off on the left to Tat Faek, a 5 meter-high waterfall with two pools in which you can swim. Swimmers should use the one above the falls, as a diabolicalsounding puffer fish known as the pa pao is believed to lurk in the pool below. Locals report with a sort of gleeful dread how the evil pa pao can home in on and sink its razor-sharp teeth into the human penis with uncanny precision. Admittedly, the women are more gleeful about this than the men. The falls rae 2.4 kilometers from the Route 11 turn off. The pools fill up with locals on weekend and holidays.