Patuxay is a historic landmark located in the capital city of Laos, Vientiane. The name “Patuxay” means “Gate of Triumph” in Lao language. The monument was built between 1957 and 1968, using funds given by the United States government to construct an airport.
The architecture of Patuxay is reminiscent of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France. The monument’s design combines traditional Lao architectural elements with French colonial style. The monument is made of concrete, decorated with Lao motifs and sculptures depicting mythical creatures from Lao Buddhist mythology.
Patuxay was built to commemorate the Lao people who had fought for their independence from France. The monument’s central tower is inscribed with the words “ສັນຕິພາບລາວ ” (Satanh Tisata Lao), which translates to “From the ashes rises the Lao nation”. This phrase symbolizes the rebirth and rise of the Lao people from the ruins of colonialism.
Initially, Patuxay was known as “Anousavali” (Memorial Monument). However, after the communist takeover of Laos in 1975, the monument was renamed “Patuxay” and it became a symbol of the government’s socialist ideology.
Today, Patuxay is a popular tourist attraction in Vientiane, where visitors can climb to the top of the monument to enjoy panoramic views of the city. The monument is also a important site for national ceremonies and events in Laos.